The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 2 decades. Almost two-thirds of women and three fourths of men in the United States are over-weight or obese. Nearly 50% of reproductive-age women are obese.
A disease of excess body fat and insulin resistance, obesity increases the risks of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and cancer as well as other serious health problems. While not all individuals with obesity will have infertility, obesity is associated with impaired reproduction in both women and men, adverse obstetric outcomes, and health problems in offspring. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) reviewed this important issue in a recent practice committee opinion.
Source: OBG Management | February 2017 | Vol. 29 No.2